div#ContactForm1 { display: none !important; }
Hyper Smash

Saturday, March 9, 2013

Electrocautery and Spinal Cord damage- loss of motor activities..!

Nerve damages or spinal cord damage during brain and spine surgical procedures depends upon various myraids of factors, one of them is mechanical. However, how many of you even thought of an electrocautery can produce spinal cord damage resulting EMGs and motor activity loss?. This report published in an porcine model discusses a case. I have not read a human case yet, but it is a real possibility, it can happen during surgery.  If anyone knows a human case or clinical scenario's, please post a comment below.
Spinal cord injury from electrocautery: observations in a porcine model using electromyography and motor evoked potentials. Stanley A. Skinner, et al  Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing


We have previously investigated electromyographic (EMG) and transcranial motor evoked potential (MEP) abnormalities after mechanical spinal cord injury. We now report thermally generated porcine spinal cord injury, characterized by spinal cord generated hindlimb EMG injury activity and spinal cord motor conduction block (MEP loss). Electrocautery (EC) was delivered to thoracic level dural root sleeves within 6–8 mm of the spinal cord (n = 6). Temperature recordings were made near the spinal cord. EMG and MEP were recorded by multiple gluteobiceps intramuscular electrodes before, during, and after EC. Duration of EC was titrated to an end-point of spinal motor conduction block (MEP loss). In 5/6 roots, ipsilateral EMG injury activity was induced by EC. In 4/5 roots, EMG injury activity was identified before MEP loss. In all roots, a minimum of 20 s EC and a temperature maximum of at least 57 °C at the dural root sleeve were required to induce MEP loss. Unexpectedly, conduction block was preceded by an enhanced MEP in 4/6 trials. EMG injury activity, preceding MEP loss, can be seen during near spinal cord EC. Depolarization and facilitation of lumbar motor neurons by thermally excited descending spinal tracts likely explains both hindlimb EMG and an enhanced MEP signal (seen before conduction block) respectively. A thermal mechanism may play a role in some unexplained MEP losses during intraoperative monitoring. EMG recordings might help to detect abnormal discharges and forewarn the monitorist during both mechanical and thermal injury to the spinal cord.

Full PDF: click on the top right corner of the journal for pdf article. Link:

Thursday, March 7, 2013

Brain Awarness Week- Spread the Word..!

SharpBrains Logo
BAWBest Wishes to Brain Awareness Week Program, the people behind and to Sharp Brains, Thanks, DrMuni

BAW offerHow will you be cel­e­brat­ing Brain Aware­ness Week next week (March 11th-17th , 2013)?

Here's a sug­ges­tion: you can start watching, at a spe­cial 95% pric­ing dis­count, more than 25 hours of exclu­sive pre­sen­ta­tions from over 40 lead­ing minds as they discuss the latest on applied neu­ro­plas­tic­ity and brain health. These pre­sen­ta­tions, which took place dur­ing the 2012 Sharp­Brains Vir­tual Sum­mit, shed light on some of the most impor­tant ques­tions about the cur­rent and future state of brain health and wellness:
  • How can the health indus­try bet­ter incor­po­rate the body's most vital organ -- the brain?
  • How are con­sumer beliefs and behav­iors towards brain health and brain train­ing evolving?
  • Which pro­fes­sional groups are ide­ally posi­tioned to become "brain fit­ness coaches"?
  • How can neu­ro­science inform spe­cial education?
  • How can Big Data and global inter­net access trans­form brain health practices?  
-> You can ORDER A $15 PASS NOW (reg­u­lar price is $295). Pass hold­ers receive two-month log-in access to the online pre­sen­ta­tions begin­ning on March 11th. 

What Speak­ers and Par­tic­i­pants say about the 2012 Sharp­Brains Summit:
  • "The Sharp­Brains Sum­mit is a rare vehi­cle for get­ting mul­ti­ple expert per­spec­tives on cur­rent devel­op­ments in improv­ing brain func­tion in a con­cise and clear way."  -  Dr. Michael Pos­ner, Pro­fes­sor Emer­i­tus, Uni­ver­sity of Oregon
  • "Great exam­ple of how bring­ing sci­en­tific lead­ers and inno­va­tors together can spur thought­ful dis­cus­sion about our most vital organ - the brain." - Dr. San­dra Bond Chap­man, Direc­tor, Cen­ter for Brain­Health at The Uni­ver­sity of Texas at Dallas
  • "The Sharp­Brains Sum­mit pro­vides com­mon ground for prac­ti­tion­ers, sci­en­tists and indus­try lead­ers to work towards the com­mon goal of dri­ving brain health and fit­ness for­ward with a thought­ful, ana­lyt­i­cal and prac­ti­cal approach." - Kate Sul­li­van, Direc­tor of the Brain Fit­ness Cen­ter at Wal­ter Reed National Mil­i­tary Med­ical Center
  • An impres­sive vir­tual con­vo­ca­tion of lead­ing sci­en­tists and devel­op­ers and adopters of cog­ni­tive enhance­ment tech­nol­ogy." - Dr. Robert Bilder, Chief of Med­ical Psychology-Neuropsychology, UCLA Semel Insti­tute for Neuroscience
  • "A very time-efficient man­ner to get a state of the art update on the lat­est inno­va­tions in assess­ing and pro­mot­ing brain health, and from the com­fort of your own office." - Dr. Keith Wesnes, Prac­tice Leader, Bracket/ United BioSource Corporation
  • A con­ve­nient and sur­pris­ingly com­pelling forum for catch­ing up on applied cog­ni­tive research from lead­ers in the field and for help­ing shape future brain health care." - Dr. Yaakov Stern, Cog­ni­tive Neu­ro­science Divi­sion Leader, Colum­bia University
Have a very stimulating Brain Awareness Week!

The SharpBrains Team

Tuesday, March 5, 2013

App for remote Neurominotoring (IONM)?

 APP for biking track, app for walking, app for finding what song it is and now an App for remote neuromontioring?, interesting!.

COPENHAGEN – inomed, a leading medical technology provider based in Germany, has announced the availability of an app that enables hospital staff to remotely monitor the signals of a patient’s intraoperative nerve activity during surgery. The app, Remote Viewer, was developed for inomed by Netop and is based on their remote access application, Netop Remote Control Mobile for iOS. With inomed Remote Viewer, doctors and hospital personnel can securely and remotely track neuromonitoring signals - recorded on an inomed IONM device - in real-time.
inomed Remote Viewer“We’re pleased to be working with inomed on the Remote Viewer,” said Kurt Bager, CEO, Netop. “This is not only an example of how our remote access solutions can be leveraged across industry verticals to serve the evoling needs of our customers and partners, but also how our solutions perform in critical environments where reliability is an absolute necessity.”
With Netop’s remote access software solution now preinstalled on all inomed neuromonitoring devices, the app allows inomed to expand its product offerings and provide its customers with additional service levels. To activate the functionality users will need to purchase an inomed license for the company’s neuromonitoring device, but the Remote Viewer app is free and available for iOS devices at the App Store.